Robotic surgery has transformed our ability to perform complex procedures on the kidney through keyhole incisions. The main operations that we do with robotic surgery on the kidney is to remove a small tumour from the kidney and to reconstruct the kidney called a pyeloplasty. Removing a kidney tumour can be very complex as we need to try and remove the tumour in its entirety but also preserve as much kidney function as we can. Robotic surgery enables us to do this through very small incisions into the patient with the precision to do the operation. The same goes for a reconstruction of the kidney called a pyeloplasty. Small incisions in the patient are performed and instruments put through those small incisions and with the aid of the operating robot we are able to be precise about joining the kidney parts together to enable excellent change to the kidney and a success of the operation.